Armenian Writers (5th to 13th centuries)

Armenian Writers (5th to 13th Centuries)

Armenian Writers (5th-13th Centuries) displays lists of the major Armenian authors, heads of the Church, and corresponding secular rulers of the Armenians. This material is based on a course entitled History of Armenian Literature taught by Professor Krikor H. Maksoudian at Columbia University in Autumn-Spring of 1972-1973, and compiled by his student, Robert Bedrosian, from class notes, handouts, and other sources.


WRITERS


CATHOLICOI OF ARMENIA (TO 1515)

PRE-GREGORID CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS FIGURES WORKING AMONG THE ARMENIANS

THADDEUS, APOSTLE, 43-66 
BARTHOLEMEW, APOSTLE, 60-68 
ZAK'ARIA, 68-72 
ZEMENTOS, 72-76 
ATRNERSEH, 77-92 
MUSHE, 93-123 
SHAHEN, 124-150 
SHAVARSH, 151-171 
GHEVONDIOS, 172-190 
MEHRUZHAN, 240-270

CATHOLICOI

ETCHMIADZIN (301-452)

GRIGOR I LUSAVORICH' (the ILLUMINATOR), c. 302-c. 325 
ARISTAKES I, 325-333 
VRT'ANES I, 333-341 
HUSIK I, 341-347 
P'AR'EN I ASHTISHATTS'I, 348-352 
NERSES I THE GREAT, 353-373 
SHAHAK I MANAZKERTTS'I, 373-377 
ZAVEN I MANAZKERTTS'I, 377-381 
ASPURAKES I MANAZKERTTS'I, 381-386 
SAHAK I PART'EW, 388-439 
HOVSEP' I VAYOTS'DZORETS'I (HOGHOTS'IMTS'I), 440-452 

DVIN (452-927)

MELITE I MANAZKERTTS'I, 452-456 
MOVSES I MANAZKERTTS'I, 456-461 
GYUT I ARAHEZATS'I (OT'MSETS'I), 461-478 
HOVHANNES (HOVHAN) I MANDAKUNI, 478-490 
BABGEN I OT'MSETS'I, 490-516 
SAMVEL I ARTSKETS'I, 516-526 
MUSHE I AYLABERTS'I, 526-534 
SAHAK II UGHKETS'I, 534-539 
K'RISTAP'OR I TIRAR'INJTS'I, 539-545 
GHEVOND I ER'ASTATS'I, 545-548 
NERSES II BAGREVANDTS'I, 548-557 
HOVHANNES II GABEGHENTS'I (GABEGHEAN), 557-574 
MOVSES II EGHIVARDETS'I, 574-604 
ABRAHAM I AGHBAT'ANETS'I, 607-615 
KOMITAS I AGHTS'ETS'I, 615-628 
K'RISTAP'OR II APAHUNETS'I (APAHUNI), 
628-630 EZR I P'AR'AZHNAKERTTS'I, 630-641 
NERSES III TAYETS'I (ISHXANTS'I, SHINOGH), 641-661 
ANASTAS I AKOR'ETS'I, 661-667 
ISRAYEL I OT'MSETS'I, 667-677 
SAHAK III JOROP'ORTS'I, 677-703 
EGHIA I ARCHESHETS'I, 703-717 
HOVHANNES (HOVHAN) III ODZNETS'I, 717-728 
DAVIT' I ARAMONETS'I, 728-741 
TRDAT I OT'MSETS'I, 741-764 
TRDAT II DASNAVORETS'I, 764-767 
SION I BAVONETS'I, 767-775 
ESAYI I EGHIPATRUSHETS'I, 775-788 
STEP'ANOS I DVNETS'I, 788-790 
HOVAB I DVNETS'I, 790-791 
SOGHOM I GAR'NETS'I, 791-792 
GEVORG I BYURAKANTS'I, 792-795 
HOVSEP' P'ARPETS'I, 795-806 
DAVIT' II KAKAGHETS'I, 806-833 
HOVHANNES IV OVAYETS'I, 833-855 
ZAK'ARIA I DZAGETS'I, 855-876 
GEVORG II GAR'NETS'I, 877-897 
MASHTOTS' I EGHIVARDETS'I, 897-898

AGHTAMAR (927-947)

HOVANNES V DRASXANAKERTTS'I, 898-929 
STEP'ANOS II R'SHTUNETS'I (R'SHTUNI), 929-930 
T'EODOROS I R'SHTUNETS'I (R'SHTUNI), 930-941 
EGHISHE I R'SHTUNETS'I (R'SHTUNI), 941-946 

ARKINA (947-992)

ANANIA I MOKATS'I, 946-968 
VAHAN I SIWNETS'I (SIWNI), 968-969 
STEP'ANOS III SEWANTS'I, 969-972 
XACH'IK I ARSHARUNETS'I, 973-992 

ANI (992-1058)

SARGIS I SEWANTS'I, 992-1019 
PETROS I GETADARDZ, 1019-1058 

CILICIA

SEBASTIA (1058-1062), TAVBLOOR (1062-1066)

XACH'IK II ANETS'I, 1058-1065 

TSAMENTAV (1066-1116)

GRIGOR II VKAYASE'R, 1066-1105 
BARSEGH I ANETS'I, 1105-1113 

TSOVK (1116-1150), HROMKLA (1150-1293)

GRIGOR III PAHLAVUNI, 1113-1166 
NERSES IV KLAYETS'I (SHNORHALI), 1166-1173 
GRIGOR IV TGHA, 1173-1193 
GRIGOR V K'ARAVEZH, 1193-1194 
GRIGOR VI APIRAT, 1194-1203 
HOVHANES VI SSETS'I, 1203-1221 
KOSTANDIN I BARDZRBERDTS'I, 1221-1267 
HAKOB I KLAYETS'I, 1268-1286 
KOSTANDIN II KATUKETS'I, 1286-1289 
STEP'ANOS IV HR'OMKLAYETS'I, 1290-1293 

SIS (1293-1441/1930)

GRIGOR VII ANAVARZETS'I, 1293-1307 
KOSTANDIN III KESARATS'I, 1307-1322 
KOSTANDIN IV LAMBRONATS'I, 1323-1326 
HAKOB II ANAVARZETS'I, 1327-1341 AND 1355-1359 
MXIT'AR I GR'NERTS'I, 1341-1355 
MESROP I ARTAZETS'I, 1359-1372 
KOSTANDIN IV SSETS'I, 1372-1374 
POGHOS I SSETS'I, 1374-1382 
T'EODOROS II KILIKETS'I, 1382-1392 
KARAPET I KEGHETS'I, 1392-1404 
HAKOB III SSETS'I, 1404-1411 
GRIGOR VIII XANDZOGHAT, 1411-1418 
POGHOS II GAR'NETS'I, 1418-1430 
KOSTANDIN VI VAHKATS'I, 1430-1439 
GRIGOR IX MUSABEKEANTS', 1439-1441 

ETCHMIADZIN (1441-Present)

KIRAKOS I VIRAPETS'I, 1441-1443 
GRIGOR X JALALBEKEANTS', 1443-1465 
ARISTAKES II AT'OR'AKAL, 1465-1469 
SARGIS II AJATAR, 1469-1474 
HOVHANNES VII AJAKIR, 1474-1484 
SARGIS III MYUSAYL, 1484-1515


CORRESPONDING SECULAR RULERS OF THE ARMENIANS

ARSACIDS IN ARMENIA

VONONES, 12-c.15 
ORODES, c.15-c.18 
ZENO/ARTASHES OF PONTUS, c.18-34. (Not member of dynasty) 
ARSHAK I, 34-c.35 
MITHRIDATES OF IBERIA, c.35-37, 42-51. (Not member of dynasty) 
RHADAMISTES OF IBERIA, 51-54? (Not member of dynasty) 
TRDAT (TIRIDATES) I, 53-c.60 
TIGRAN (TIGRANES) VI, c.60-c.61/62. (Not member of dynasty) 
TRDAT (TIRIDATES) I, c.62/66-c.75 
SANATRUK, 75-110? 
AXIDARES, 110-113? 
PARTHAMASIRIS, 113-115? 
VAGHARSH (VOLOGASES) I, 117-138/140 
AURELIUS PACORUS, 161-163? 
SOHAEMUS, 164-185, with interruptions. (Not member of dynasty) 
VAGHARSH (VOLOGASES) II, c.180-191 
XOSROV I, c.191-216/217? 
TRDAT (TIRIDATES) II, c.216/217-252 
HORMIZD-ARDASHIR, Sasanian, 252-c.272. (Not member of dynasty) 
NARSEH, Sasanian, c.273-293. (Not member of dynasty) 
XOSROV II, 279/280-287 
TRDAT (TIRIDATES) III, 287-298 
TRDAT (TIRIDATES) IV, the Great, 298/99-c.330 
XOSROV III Kotak, c.330-338 
TIRAN, c.338/39-350 
ARSHAK II, 350-c.364/367 
PAP, 367-c.374 
VARAZDAT, 374-378 
ARSHAK III AND VAGHARSHAK, Pap's sons. c.378-c.389 
XOSROV IV, in Eastern Armenia. 384-389 
VRAMSHAPUH, replacing brother XOSROV IV, 389/401-417 
XOSROV IV, 417-418 
SHAPUH, Sasanian. Son of shah Yazdgird I, 418-422. Not member of dynasty 
ARTASHES/ARDASHIR, SON OF VRAMSHAPUH, 422-428

MARZPANS

VASAK I OF SIWNIK' c. 442-451 
[SAHAK II BAGRATUNI, INSURGENT MARZPAN] 482-483 
VAHAN MAMIKONEAN, AUTONOMOUS MARZPAN 485-505/510 
VARD MAMIKONEAN, AUTONOMOUS MARZPAN 505/10-509/514 
MZHEZH (MEZEZIUS) I GNUNI 518-548 
PHILIP SIWNI 574-576 
MUSHEGH II MAMIKONEAN 591 ? 
VARAZ-TIROTS' II BAGRATUNI 628 - AFTER 631

PRESIDING PRINCES OF ARMENIA

MZHEZH (MEZEZIUS) II GNUNI, 
   Commander-in-chief of the imperial troops, 628-635 
DAVID SAHARHUNI, 
   Curopalate 635-638 
THEODORE RHSHTUNI, 
   High Constable and Patrician, 638-c.645 
VARAZ-TIROTS' II BAGRATUNI, 
   Curopalate, 645 
THEODORE RHSHTUNI, HIGH CONSTABLE 
   for the Emperor, 645-653 
   for the Caliph, 653/4-655 
MUSHEGH II MAMIKONEAN, MASTER OF THE HORSE 
   for the Emperor. 
   Passes to the Caliph, 654 
HAMAZASP II MAMIKONEAN, 
   for the Caliph, 655-657 
   Curopalate for the Emperor, 657-658 
GREGORY I MAMIKONEAN, 
   for the Caliph, 662-684/85 
ASHOT II BAGRATUNI, 
   for the Caliph, 686-689/90 
NERSEH KAMSARAKAN, 
   Curopalate for the Emperor, 689/90-691 
SMBAT VI BAGRATUNI, PATRICIAN 
   for the Emperor, 691-697 
   for the Caliph, 697-700 
  Curopalate for the Emperor, 700-711 
ASHOT III BAGRATUNI, 
   for the Caliph, 732-748 
GREGORY II MAMIKONEAN, 
   for the Caliph, 748-750 
[MUSHEGH MAMIKONEAN, HEAD OF THE INSURGENT PRINCES] c.750 
SAHAK VII BAGRATUNI 
   High Constable for the Caliph, 755-761 
SMBAT VII BAGRATUNI 
   High Constable for the Caliph, 761-772 
TACHAT ANDZEWATS'I, 
   for the Caliph, 780-782/785 
ASHOT IV BAGRATUNI, 
   for the Caliph, 806-826 
SMBAT VIII BAGRATUNI 
   High Constable for the Caliph, 826-855 
BAGARAT II BAGRATUNI OF TARON, 
   Prince of Princes, for the Caliph, 830-852 
ASHOT V BAGRATUNI 
   High Constable, 856 
   Prince of Princes for the Caliph, 862-885 
ASHOT I BAGRATUNI OF TARON 
   Curopalate for the Emperor, 877-878

KINGS OF ARMENIA 
(BAGRATID DYNASTY)

ASHOT I (V) the Great, 885-890 
SMBAT I (IX) the Martyr (son), 890-914 
ASHOT II (VI) the Iron (son), King of Kings, 914-928 
ABAS I (brother), 928-952 
ASHOT III (VII) the Merciful (son), 952-977 
SMBAT II (X) the Conqueror (son), 977-989 
GAGIK I (brother), 989-1020 
HOVHANNES [JOHN]-SMBAT III (XI) (son), 1020-1040 
ASHOT IV (VIII) the Valiant (brother), 1021-1039 
GAGIK II (son), 1042-1045 [cedes Armenia to the Empire], dies c. 1079

KINGS OF KARS
(BAGRATID DYNASTY) 

MUSHEGH (son of ABAS I of Armenia), 962-984 
ABAS I (son), 984-1029 
GAGIK-ABAS II (son), 1029-1064, d. 1080 
[cedes Kars to the Empire]

KINGS OF LORHI AND AGHUANIA
(BAGRATID DYNASTY)

GURGEN I (son) of Ashot III of Armenia), 982-989 
DAVID ANHOGHIN [the Landless] (son), 989-1046/48 
GURGEN II-Kiwrike (son), 1046-1081/89 
[Lorhi annexed by the Seljuks]

KINGS OF VASPURAKAN
(ARTSRUNID DYNASTY) 

XACH'IK-GAGIK, 908-936/37 
DERENIK-ASHOT (son), 936/37-953 
ABUSAHL-HAMAZASP (brother), 953-972 
ASHOT-SAHAK (son), 972-983 
GURGEN-XACH'IK (brother), 983-1003 
SENEK'ERIM-HOVHANNES [JOHN] (brother), 1003-1021, d. 1027 
[cedes Vaspurakan to the Empire] (son)

KINGS OF SIWNIK

A. LINE OF SIWNIK

SMBAT II, 963-c. 998 
VASAK VI (son), c. 998-1019 
SMBAT III (cousin and nephew), 1019-? 
GREGORY V (brother), ?-c. 1091 

B. LINE OF GARDMAN-AGHUANIA

HOVHANNES [JOHN]-SENEK'ERIM (adopted son of Gregory V), c. 1091-1105 
GREGORY VI (son), 1105-1166

KINGS OF KAKHETIA

KWIRIKE III the Great, 1010-1029

BAGRATID DYNASTY

GAGIK of Lorhi (son of David Anhoghin and nephew of KWIRIKE III), 1029-1058 
AGHSART'AN I (son), 1058-1084 
KWIRIKE IV (son), 1084-1102 
AGHSART'AN II (nephew), 1102-1105 
[Kakhetia annexed by Georgia]

PRINCES AND KINGS OF CILICIAN ARMENIA

A. RUBENID DYNASTY 

RUBEN I, 1080-1095 
CONSTANTINE I (son), 1095-1099 
T'OROS (THEODORE) I (son), 1100-1129 
LEWON (LEO) I (brother), 1129-1138, d. 1141 
[Cilicia occupied by the Byzantines, 1138-1145] 
T'OROS (THEODORE) II (son), 1145-1169 
RUBEN II (son), 1169-1170 
MLEH (uncle), 1170-1175 
RUBEN III (nephew), 1175-1186 
LEWON (LEO) II (I) the Great (brother), 1186-1198/99; 
   King of Armenia, 1198/99-1219 
ISABEL (daughter), 1219-1222 
PHILIP OF ANTIOCH (consort), 1222-1225

B. HETUMID DYNASTY

HET'UM I of Lambron (second consort of ISABEL), 1226-1269, d. 1270 
LEWON (LEO) III (II) (son), 1269-1289 
HET'UM II (son), 1289-1293, 1294-1296, 1299-1305, d. 1308 
T'OROS (THEODORE) III (I) (brother), 1293-1294, d. 1299 
SMBAT (brother), 1296-1298 
CONSTANTINE II (I) (brother), 1298-1299 
LEWON (LEO) IV (III) (son of T'OROS (THEODORE) III), 1305-1308 
OSHIN (son of LEO III), 1308-1320 
LEWON (LEO) V (IV) (son), 1320-134

C. LUSIGNIAN DYNASTY

GUY I de LUSIGNAN (cousin of LEO V), 1342-1344; Regent: John de Lusignan (brother), 1342 
CONSTANTINE III (II) (outsider), 1344-1363 
CONSTANTINE IV (III) (cousin), 1365-1373 
PETER de LUSIGNAN, King of Cyprus, invited, 1368-1369 
LEO VI (V) de LUSIGNAN (GUY'S nephew), 1373-1375 
[Mamluk conquest of Cilician Armenia]

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